2 edition of Some factors affecting aphid transmission of cucumber mosaic virus found in the catalog.
Some factors affecting aphid transmission of cucumber mosaic virus
Michael W. Stimmann
Written in English
|Other titles||Aphid transmission of cucumber mosaic virus.|
|Statement||by Michael William Stimmann.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||, 62 leaves, bound :|
|Number of Pages||62|
In Virus-Insect-Plant Interactions, the world's leading scientists discuss the latest breakthroughs in understanding the biological and ecological factors that define these complex transmission systems and how this knowledge might be used to our advantage in producing innovative, user and environmentally friendly approaches to controlling the spread of plant pathogens by :// Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) has a worldwide distribution and the widest host range of any known plant virus. From to , epidemics of CMV severely affected the production of snap bean (Phaseulos vulgaris L.) in the Midwest and Northeastern United States. Virus diversity leading to emergence of new strains is often considered a significant factor in virus ://?id=/
For Cucumber mosaic virus, the coat protein is the primary determinant of aphid transmission and helper proteins have not been identified. Specific regions of the virion including a surface loop and the quasi-threefold axis of symmetry have been shown to be essential for virus transmission by aphids (Liu et al., ; Bricault and Perry, ). Progress 10/01/08 to 09/30/09 Outputs OUTPUTS: Our studies focus on three virus-vector systems involving aphid transmission of cereal yellow dwarf luteovirus (CYDV), soybean dwarf luteovirus (SbDV), and legume-infecting strains of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV-Le). CMV is a reemerging invasive species of virus responsible for CMV epidemics
Throughout the United States, and in the southeastern U.S. in particular, the number of small vegetable farmers is decreasing annually. Contributing factors to this decrease include epidemics of Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV) and Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). We have worked for several years on aspects of using plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) for enhancing yield and reducing D. V. Rao and G. Hiruki, Factors Affecting Infectivity Assay of Clover Yellow Mosaic Virus in Chenopodium amaranticolor, Journal of Phytopathology, 94, 4, (), (). Crossref Thomas A. Zitter, EPIDEMIOLOGY OF APHID – BORNE VIRUSES**Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. , Aphids As Virus Vectors, /B
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Some factors affecting aphid transmission of cucumber mosaic virus. Abstract. Graduation date: The frequency of aphid transmission of cucumber mosaic virus\ud from diseased plants at different times after inoculation was determined.\ud A cycle of infectious virus was found.
Primary leaves\ud of lima bean plants were inoculated Aphid transmission tests from the epidermis and exposed subepidermal tissues were conducted for five consecutive weeks after inoculation of the virus source plants with cucumber mosaic virus.
The transmission rates from the subepidermal tissues (corrected for effects of exposure) were not significantly different from those of the :// Mireille Jacquemond, in Advances in Virus Research, Abstract.
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is an important virus because of its agricultural impact in the Mediterranean Basin and worldwide, and also as a model for understanding plant–virus interactions.
This review focuses on those areas where most progress has been made over the past decade in our understanding of :// Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) appears to be one of the most widespread pathogens on beans.
In the present research, 49 Iranian lines and cultivars of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) were screened for their reaction to at primary leaf stage were inoculated with CMV by rub inoculation and then they were kept in an insect-proof growth chamber at 20 °:// For Cucumber mosaic virus, the coat protein is the primary determinant of aphid transmission and helper proteins have not been identified.
Specific regions of the virion including a surface loop and the quasi-threefold axis of symmetry have been shown to be essential for virus transmission by aphids (Liu et al., ; Bricault and Perry, ).
BASICS. Scientific name: Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) Common name: Cucumber mosaic virus Geographical Range: Worldwide in temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions.
Crops affected: CMV has a very wide host range and has been reported to infect more than 1, plant species including banana, common bean, cucurbits (cucumber, melon, pumpkin, and squash, but rarely watermelon), lettuce, Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is an isometric plant virus with a broad host range and a functionally divided genome (Peden and Symons, ; Kaper and Waterworth, ).
RNAs 1 ( kb) and 2 ( kb) each encode one protein ( kD and 97 kD, respectively), both of which are essential for virus replication (Nitta et al., ). Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was the first virus discovered.
InMartinus Beijerinck, found that ‘tobacco mosaic disease’ was caused by a pathogen able to reproduce and multiply in the host cells of the plant.
He called it ‘virus’ (from the Latin virus, meaning poison) to differentiate this form of disease from those caused by :// Environmental factors influencing aphid transmission of potato virus Y and potato leafroll virus Article (PDF Available) in Potato Research 31(3) September with Reads The effect of temperature, relative humidity (RH) and light on aphid transmission of potato virus Y (PVY) and potato leafroll virus (PLRV) was studied using as vectorsMyzus persicae Sulz.
andAphis gossypii Glov. Host susceptibility was enhanced by 48 h pre-inoculation exposure at 25°C and by 48 h post-inoculation exposure to 30°C. High RH (80%) in both pre- or postinoculation phases enhanced Transmission efficiency is affected by a number of factors, including virus strain, aphid species, source and recipient plant species, and plant species on which the aphid is maintained (Simons, ).
Virus is acquired and transmitted by all instars within sec of ?dpvno= Request PDF | Aphid transmission of maize yellow mosaic virus: an emerging polerovirus | Maize yellow mosaic virus, provisionally referred to MaYMV, is a novel polerovirus reported in China Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) causes appreciable losses in vegetables, ornamentals and agricultural crops.
The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Aphididae) is one of the most efficient vectors for CMV. The transmission ecology of aphid-vectored CMV has been well investigated. However, the detailed description of the dynamic change in the plant-CMV-aphid interaction associated with Helper virus: These are the viruses transmitted by aphid vectors under certain conditions A aphid transmit can transmit the virus only if the source plant is infected by second virus.
So it is a dependent virus and second virus is referred as the helper virus virus Helper virus vector Type of transmission Potato aucuba mosaic virus PVA or Y M Aphid transmission of a cucumber mosaic virus from cherry.
Factors affecting transmission of bean yellow mosaic virus. Further evidence that common pea msaic virus (PV2) is a strain of bean yellow mosaic virus (BV2).
New vectors of pea enation mosaic virus and some other :// A technique was developed and deployed in central Illinois to trap and assay aphid alatae for incidence of soybean mosaic virus (SMV) transmission among naturally occurring transient aphid population Hoggan Ismé A.
Some factors involved in aphid transmission of the cucumber mosaic virus to tobacco. Jour. Agr. Res. Horsfall J. The effects of feeding punctures of aphids on certain plant tissues.
Pennsylvania Agr. Exp. Sta. Bul. Jensen D. Papaya ringspot virus and its insect vector ?a=hilg.v23n03p The cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) 2b protein not only inhibits anti-viral RNA silencing but also quenches transcriptional responses of plant genes to jasmonic acid, a key signalling molecule in Wang, R.
& Ghabrial, S. Effect of aphid behavior on efficiency of transmission of Soybean mosaic virus by the soybean-colonizing aphid, Aphis glycines.
Plant Dise – ( Residue of the cucumber mosaic virus 2a protein plays a role in induction of feeding deterrence (antixenosis), which encourages viruliferous aphids to disperse to uninfected ://.
Watermelon mosaic virus 1 (WMV-1) is aphid transmitted, and infection is limited to cucurbits. Although more common in the southern and western regions of the United States, this virus has been recovered in New York several times since it first occurred in epidemic proportions in Alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV), or "calico mosaic" as the disease is called when this virus infects potato, can occasionally be recovered from pepper.
AMV is aphid transmitted in a nonpersistent manner and produces spectacular white or yellow calico symptoms on solanaceous crops, but milder symptoms on crop resevoirs like alfalfa and Accessory factors in non-persistent virus transmission are considered.
Subsequent chapters focus on technological advances in aphid-virus research, including the use of aphid cell culturing, radioisotope methodology, membrane feeding, and electrical measurement ://